Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms


Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms

The famous Indian physicist and meteorologist who defied gender norms are getting a little extra attention today thanks to a Google Doodle.

The doodle shows Anna Mani working in front of various weather images. Images spell “Google” on the search engine’s home page. On August 23, which would have been Mani’s 104th birthday, Google released the doodle. Money started trending on Google shortly after.


Who is Anna Mani?

Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms
Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms

Mani was dedicated to her work. Despite nearly 90 percent of Indian women choosing to marry, they remain single throughout their lives and committed to their careers. Mani’s life’s work earned her the moniker “The Weather Woman”. His work enabled India to accurately predict the weather.

“We only have one life,” Mani has said. You must first prepare yourself for it and use all of your talents before you can appreciate and enjoy your career.

India in the 1940s

Before 1947, India did not have the meteorological tools needed to predict the weather. Whatever tools the South Asian country acquired had to be imported from abroad.

In 1948, Muni started working with the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in Pune in the Instrument Division headed by SP Venkateswaran. Venkateswaran hoped to make India self-sufficient in meteorology and weather. Mani contributed to his efforts. He sought skilled workers to staff the state-of-the-art weather machines. According to Women’s Web, she standardized the blueprint and began production of about 100 weather instruments.

Mani also advocated sustainable energy and published several academic papers on various topics including solar radiation, ozone, diamond light, and wind energy devices.

Wind energy

Mani took a keen interest in solar radiation and in the late 1950s began designing and developing instruments for measuring radiation. He also recognized the potential of wind energy. He hoped that India would learn to harness the wind for energy and then install wind measuring instruments at 700 locations in India to study wind patterns.

Due to Mani’s dedication, India is now a world leader in wind energy power.


Mani studied at a time when there were not many educational options for Indian women, especially in the field of science.

According to Women’s Web, she joined Women’s Christian College to complete her Intermediate Science course before transferring to Presidency College, Madras. He graduated in 1939 with a bachelor’s degree with honors in physics and chemistry.

Her passion started as a young girl when she is said to have loved reading. Some reports suggest that Mani had read most of the books in his hometown library by the age of 12.

‘What is it about women and science?’

Mani said that her gender did not influence what she wanted to do with her life. “What is it about women and science?”

Mani was born on 23 August 1918 in Premade, Travancore, Kerala to a Syrian Christian family. She was the seventh child out of eight.

A visit to the hometown of civil rights leader Mahatma Gandhi in 1925 when she was 7 years old influenced Mani, who then, unlike her sisters, decided to pursue a life of higher education.

He has been recognized numerous times and received many honors, such as the 1987 INSA K.R. Ramanathan Medal. The medal recognized his contribution to science.

Mani’s hobbies go beyond science and she is said to enjoy being in nature and bird watching.

A stroke in 1994 paralyzed Mani. She passed away on August 16, 2001, one week before aged 83.

Google Doodle Honorees

Although Google Doodles sometimes look like random variations of the Google logo on a website, they usually celebrate an important event or historical figure.

Last week, Google Doodle featured young artists in its annual contest.

The national winner is 16-year-old, Sophie Arak Liu. Her artwork shows her hugging her mother, in keeping with this year’s theme “I take care of myself…” You can see her artwork, along with the designs of the four national finalists, here.

In late July, Google Doodle honored the Steel Pen device as it launched the device to the world on July 26.

According to Google, the Trinidad All Steel Pan Orchestra (TASPO) performed at a UK event on this day in 1951, presenting steel pan and a brand-new musical style to the world.

Just before that, spotlight W as music inventor and composer Oscar Sala.

While at one time He was noted for his pioneering work in bridging the fields of electronics and musical instruments—he is widely credited with helping to pioneer the synthesizer, which he featured heavily in films such as the Alfred Hitchcock classic The Birds. What was the effect? This partnership was in danger of being forgotten among all but perhaps music historians and film buffs.

Why does Google honor Anna Mani today? Who was she?

Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms
Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms

Mani was an innovative scientist known for her contributions to India’s weather forecasts and her research on renewable energy.

Indian scientist and entrepreneur Anna Mani will turn 104 on August 23.

In his honor, Google has changed its doodles in the United States and India to exemplify him and his work.

Early life

• Mani was born in 1918 in Permed in the erstwhile state of Travancore, now known as Kerala.

• His father was a civil engineer who owned a cardamom estate. She was an avid reader and the seventh of eight kids.

• According to local reports, when she turned eight, Minnie turned down a set of diamond earrings as a gift and chose the Encyclopaedia Britannica instead.

• Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to his hometown in 1925 left a deep impression on him.

• As a result of the visit, Mani decided to wear homespun cotton clothing – khadi – as a symbol of his nationalist sentiments.

• By the age of 12, he had read almost every book available in his local public library and developed a strong desire to pursue higher education.

Higher education

• Mani graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree with honors in Physics and Chemistry from Presidency College, Chennai (then Madras).

• During her studies, she was drawn to socialist ideas, and at the age of 22, she won a scholarship to the Indian Institute of Science.

• He worked on the spectroscopy of diamonds and rubies. His work led to five research papers and a Ph.D. thesis.

• While his thesis included considerable research work, he was denied a Ph.D. because he did not have a master’s degree. However, he was awarded a government scholarship for an internship in England.

• In 1945, when she was 27, she went to Imperial College London and specialized in meteorological instruments. During this time, he studied instruments, their calibration, and standardization.

Go back to India.

Mani returned to India three years later in 1948 and joined the Indian Meteorological Department.

• Simple instruments like thermometers were imported before 1947. During her time in the department, she helped the country develop its weather instruments, and in 1953, she became head of the division.

• It was not an easy task. He worked with 121 men under him, and he assembled a group of Indian scientists and engineers to carry out the work.

• Scientists standardized drawings for about 100 different weather instruments and began producing them. Mani developed a network of solar radiation measurement stations across India since he was particularly interested in solar energy.

• Initially, his team used imported equipment, but soon he designed and manufactured a range of radiation equipment.

Mismeasurement is worse than no measurement.

• The scientist believed that wrong measurements were no worse than none at all.

• He insisted on proper design and accurate calibration. In 1960, he began research on the measurement of atmospheric ozone.

• “Meteorological observations cannot be reliably made unless instruments are manufactured, exposed, calibrated, and read appropriately.”

He told the UN that the measure was meaningless.

• He designed an instrument to measure atmospheric ozone and established a meteorological observatory. She joined the International Ozone Commission as well.

• Money retired in 1976 as Deputy Director General of India Meteorological Department. She also held positions at the United Nations World Meteorological Organization, and in 1987, she was awarded the INSA K.R. Ramanathan and received a medal.

• In an interview, when asked what advice she could give to young scientists, she said: “We only have one life. First, equip yourself for the job, make the most of your talents.” Do and then love and enjoy the work, making the most of being out of doors and in touch with nature.

• During the 1980s, he started a company specializing in precision instruments for measuring solar radiation and wind speed.

• He wrote two books on solar radiation that became standard reference guides for engineers and scientists.

• In 1994, Mani suffered a stroke that left her immobile. At the age of 83, she passed away on August 16, 2001.

Anna Mani, Indian meteorologist awarded with Google Doodle.

Anna Mani, the meteorologist whose work helped pioneer weather forecasting in India, has been honored in the latest Google Doodle.

Anna Mani was born on August 23, 1918, in Permad, Kerala, India—so today would have been her 104th birthday. Deviating from traditional gender roles, Mani surrounded. At the age of 12, he immersed himself in literature by reading almost all the books in his local library.

His drive to learn brought Anna Mani to high school Coll and a degree from Presidency College, Madras. Thereafter, Mani’s postgraduate studies initially focused on spectroscopy—the science of colors, light spectra, and waves—specifically related to rubies and diamonds. Despite publishing five papers and completing a full-length thesis, Anna Mani was denied a Ph.D. Because he didn’t have a master’s degree in physics.

Anna Mani relocated to England in 1945 to attend Imperial College in London. While he initially intended to continue pursuing physics, Minnie learned a great deal about meteorology and the specialized instruments used to analyze and forecast the weather.

Anna Mani brought back what she had learned by working for the India Meteorological Department in 1948. There, he attempted to simplify and standardize the design of over 100 different tools/instruments used in weather analysis. Mani’s new designs were used to help India manufacture its meteorological instruments,

rather than importing them from England.

By 1953, Anna Mani had surpassed her male colleagues to become the head of her division and later rose to the position of Deputy Director General of the India Meteorological Department. Over the decade, Mani’s interests expanded to include alternative energy, particularly the generation of wind and solar electricity. Related to this research, he also developed an instrument to measure ozone levels in the air.

Anna Mani remained devoted to science until her retirement in 1976. In recognition of his work, he was awarded the KKR Ramanathan Medal by the Government of India in 1987. On August 16, 2001, Anna Mani passed away.

To celebrate her many contributions to science and particularly to the study of weather in India, Google is honoring Anna Mani’s 104th birthday with a homepage doodle. The doodle’s artwork consists of five circular vignettes of Mani’s life and studies, along with the scientist himself dressed in green, all cleverly arranged to look like the typical Google logo.

More Google Doodles:

• Doodle for Google 2022 winner is now featured on the Google homepage.

• The Google Doodle game’s multiplayer mode teaches you how to play pétanque.

• Google Doodle honors Oskar Sala, German composer, and creator of Mixtur-Trautonium.

Anna Money Google Doodle: Google commemorates ‘Weather Woman of India’

The INSA K.R. Award was given to Anna Mani, commonly known as the “Weather Woman of India.” Award in 1987 for her contribution to science. Ramanathan won the medal.

Today, Google Doodle celebrates the 104th birth anniversary of renowned physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani, who made immense contributions to the field of meteorological instruments.

Anna Mani, born in 1918 in a Syrian Christian family in Kerala, made valuable contributions to the field of physics and meteorology. His studies helped India make accurate weather forecasts and laid the groundwork for the nation’s use of renewable energy. Mani’s thoughts and goals about his career were greatly influenced by his book reading routine.

In 1987, he was awarded the INSA K.R. for his outstanding services to science. Ramanathan won the medal. Mani held important positions within the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization.

 She has also served as the former Deputy Director General of the India Meteorological Department.

At the Thoba Rocket Launching Facility, Anna established a meteorological observatory and an instrument tower and was a member of the International Ozone Association. He has also published several papers on solar radiation, ozone, and wind energy devices.

Born in Primed, Kerala in 1918, Mani initially wanted to dance but chose a career in physics instead due to her interest in the subject. She was fond of reading since childhood.

The Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani is honored by Google Doodle.

Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms
Who is Anna Mani? Indian Physicist Who Defied Gender Norms

An Indian physicist and meteorologist named Anna Mani retired from her position as the department’s deputy director general.

Google is paying tribute to Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani, who made significant contributions to meteorological instruments, and researched and published papers on measurements of solar radiation, atmospheric ozone, and wind energy.

Google has featured a doodle dedicated to Mani to celebrate his 104th birthday.

Anna Model Mani was born in Permad, Kerala in 1918 and earned a B.Sc. (Hons.) from Madras Presidency College in 1939. Educated since childhood, Mani initially wanted to dance, but eventually decided in favor of physics as she liked the subject.

He started his scientific career with C.V. Raman examined the fluorescence, absorption, and spectra of diamonds at the Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru. In 1945, she went to Imperial College, London, and later to the British Meteorological Office, studying the evolution of weather instruments. He visited many field observatories and meteorological instrument makers in England and Scotland. then enrolled in the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

He made important contributions to meteorological instruments, conducted research, and published papers on measurements of solar radiation, atmospheric ozone, and wind energy. He is a member of the International Ozone Association, Indian National Science Academy, American Meteorological Society, International Solar Energy Society, and World Meteorological Organization. She was a member of many organizations including Zion.

She retired as Deputy Director General of IMD in 1976. He died in 2001.

The World Meteorological Organization, of which she was a member, remembered her on her 100th birthday and published her life profile with an interview.

The 104th birthday of Anna Mani is commemorated in a new Google Doodle.

Aug. 23 (UPI) — A new Google Doodle was released Tuesday to mark the birthday of renowned Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani, who would have turned 104.

The doodle shows Mani exposed to several different weather conditions, including rain storms and sunshine. The physicist is also shown working on some calculations with a weather balloon, all of which serve to create the Google logo.

Mani would rise from the ranks of his nation’s elite to become one of the most prolific scientists in Indian history.

According to Google, Mani, born on August 23, 1918, in the village of Permed in British India, had read almost every book in her local library by the age of just 12.

After high school, Mani completed his undergraduate studies, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics and Chemistry from Pachaipa College in Madras. She would then pursue post-graduate studies, learning spectroscopy under Nobel laureate Sir CV Raman.

Mani eventually earned a Ph.D. and started a graduate program at the prestigious Imperial College in London.

In 1948, Mani returned to her native India to begin work for the country’s meteorological department, helping a team of scientists design and manufacture weather-measuring instruments.

Despite meteorology being a male-dominated field at the time, Mani would lead the department until 1953, when the design of more than 100 different weather instruments was standardized under her supervision.

Later in life, Mani would become the Deputy Director General of the India Meteorological Department and also hold several posts at the United Nations.

Mani not only made contributions to meteorology but also promoted alternative energy. In the 1950s, he “developed a network of sun radiation monitoring stations and published several research on sustainable energy measurements.”

Mani died in 2001 at the age of 83, but his influence on Indian science remains strong, Google said, “[His] work inspired brighter days for this world.”

Mani is not the only physicist to be honored with a Google Doodle in recent weeks.

On July 18, a doodle celebrated the life of German physicist and composer Oskar Sala, who would have been 112 years old.

Sala studied physics at school and helped develop a new system for composing electronic music.

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